It is reproduced here with some format changes with the kind permission of the author Neil Wayne. Photographs have not been included although references to [plates]and their descriptions remain. Contact Neil Wayne. The main varieties of these new instruments were the mouth organ, developed in Germany around ; the accordion, patented in Vienna in , and the concertina, invented by Charles Wheatstone around or ,initially as a scientific curiosity, but marketed from asa serious musical instrument. European free-reed instruments, such as Uhlig’s diatonic konzertina,the diatonic button accordions of Buschmann and Demian, and the French accordions-diatonique of the s largely remained as relatively trivial ‘folk’ instruments or, in the case of Debain’s free-reed harmonium, evolved into the larger reed organs and American or Cabinet organs. However, the Wheatstone concertina, by virtue of its fully chromatic and eminently playable ‘English’ fingering system, rapidly achieved acclaim as a serious solo and ensemble instrument, not only becoming highly popular amongst musical amateurs, but attracting numerous virtuoso performers and composers. Lord Balfour British Prime Minister was in fact an ardent concertina player, and the explorers Shackleton and Livingstone both acquired Wheatstone concertinas 2. A number of sonatas, concertos and chamber works involving the concertina appeared in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, by composers including Tschaikovsky, Macfarren, Benedict, Percy Grainger, Charles Ives, Molique, Regondi and Silas 3. By the early years of the twentieth century, the concertina’s popularity had broadened, giving rise to the working class concertina bands of England’s northern mill towns, and the instrument also found a niche as a populist addition to the instrumentation of the Salvation Army band. From the s, the instrument declined in popularity, once again becoming the preserve of a small but enthusiastic following of amateur ‘concertinists’.
A later C Wheatstone and Co leaflet/brochure for Wheatstone English, Anglo and Miniature English concertinas dating from the period after Boosey and Co’s.
In a competitive concertina-manufacturing and selling environment, the Lachenal company produced a range of very fine instruments, including many “student” models. Anglo Lachenals are, as far as I know, all considered “student” grade. They’re good instruments with “real” steel or brass concertina reeds and construction, but the action and sound won’t be as nice or as consistent as some other makes mentioned below. These instruments were all made in the UK, so “vintage English” usually refers to a Lachenal, Wheatstone, Jeffries or Crabb, and implies superior compared to the Italian Stagis quality of construction, sound, and playability action.
If you can afford it, one of these vintage concertinas will be a fine instrument on which to learn, and frankly, you might never need to purchase another instrument as long as you live. They had a metal-ended model available for a little more, but since I was already a bit over my budget, I got the wooden-end model. Some people say the wooden-ended models have a mellower sound and so are better for accompaniment if you plan on singing at the same time, but I think this is a very general rule, and probably varies a lot from instrument to instrument.
The type of reeds and layout of the reedpan also affects sound quality considerably see the note below by Rich Morse of The Button Box for more details. Try to get a button though, as a button would be very limiting musically, as you would have only the C and G rows, and no accidentals besides the F of the G scale. Lachenal duet and accompanying brochure , photos courtesy of Kevin Gow kgandll juno. Monday, August 24th, Home Forums Privacy.
Wheatstone Anglos with Serial Numbers 50,000+
And this one is an English concertina, and this is octagonal in shape, and it’s made by the firm of Charles Wheatstone in London. And it is their Aeola model, which meant that this was their octagonal model. This was made in the s. And it came in various sizes. It’s arranged sort of like a piano so that the middle keys are the natural keys like the white keys on a piano, and the outer keys are the accidental keys, like the black keys on a piano. So I’ll demonstrate the scale.
One is a very early English concertina, apparently without serial number Acq. Both instruments were purchased with funds from the Robert Alonzo Lehman Bequest, and are currently on display along with other free-reed instruments, including a Wheatstone symphonion Acq. Within the next year the department hopes to mount a temporary exhibition of a selection of its free-reed instruments in the Musical Instrument Galleries.
Finally, the Department of Musical Instruments welcomes serious researchers by appointment. Wheatstone No. Musikinstrumentbau-Symposiums Michaelsteiner Konferenzberichte, 62, ed. Although the Wheatstone sales ledger C Horniman Museum, London, Wayne Archive , which lists sales from 21 October to 30 April , does not have a notice for this particular instrument, we may note the following: 1 an instrument numbered in the s No. My thanks to Allan Atlas for this information.
I should note that this concertina was actually used in performance by Allan Atlas at a concert given at the museum in December NOTES 1.
Latest: 2020 Tour Update
This note describes some information recently re-discovered about the production of Wheatstone Anglo concertinas with serial numbers above During these 37 years Wheatstone manufactured about 2, Englishes and Duets, with serial numbers from about through , and some 9, Anglos, with serial numbers from through A number of other people have contributed insights and information. Not everything can be explained, and there may well be misunderstandings and mistakes in what I have written here and I have made them all myself, since no one else has yet had a chance to review the text.
The generally-accepted story about Wheatstone concertina production has been that Wheatstone made concertinas English, Anglo, and Duet from serial beginning about , ending with or so in the mids.
Indexes of serial numbers and dates in Wheatstone Concertina Ledgers with direct links to the scanned images.
Description Wheatstone 48 button rosewood concertina in it’s original leather box. Wheatstone label set into a panel in the rosewood fretwork on one side and the serial number printed into the cloth on the other side. This can be checked at concertina. No splits or holes in the bellows. The leather straps are worn with age and use but in good order and have no damage.
Minor lacquer loss on the rosewood but again age and use, no damage, lost sections or cracks. Still in it’s original box which is leather. This is in good order, the clasp works but it does have a couple of splits and the handle is missing.
Appendix 1: Wheatstone and Lachenal Dates of Manufacture
Sir Charles Wheatstone , one of the most renowned scientists of the nineteenth century , experimented with acoustics, optics, electricity and, significantly, the telegraph. He was the first appointed Professor of Experimental Philosophy at King’s College London and, when he died in , he left his collection of books, scientific papers and instruments to the College. Ohm and Michael Faraday represent Wheatstone’s keen interest in anything to do with electricity.
Evidence of Wheatstone’s personal interests can be found in works on phrenology by George Combe, F.
Wheatstone & Co. concertina factory dating from to They were saved from destruction by Henry Minting, one of the managers of the company. More.
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From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. File information. Structured data. Captions English Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents. Summary [ edit ] Description Wheatstone English Concertina.
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Do you know another resource that we should include? Tell us about it. Resources in the Concertina Library for C.
“Wheatstone Aeola Tenor-Treble serial number sold at auction simply because all Wheatstone Concertinas had a Serial Number and.
This document was first published in the Journal of the Galpin Society. It has been edited by Howard Mitchell and reproduced here with the kind permission of the author Neil Wayne. You may download all the. Download text files. Download graphics files. Serial Number , made in – the earliest aeola of the octagonal form, with ‘dot and comma’ fretwork, and impressed ‘Aeola’ stamp in the fretwork CMC Item C Made in , the final product of the Wheatstone workshops, with Italian-made aluminium reeds, and plywood interior The Boosey and Hawkes Collection.
Serial number 32, c. Wheatstone key ‘English’ Concertina. The brass inlaid, gilt bellows model, serial number , made in CMC Item A prototype used in Wheatstone’s submission for his patent – a foot treadle sends wind up the column to the wind chest; each keyboard rises on a separate piston, and the keys are played by the fingers CMC Item C A new fingering system devised for the patent, and put into limited production around CMC Item C The Galpin Society was founded in for the publication of original research into the history, construction, development and use of musical instruments.
However, Wheatstone is best known for his contributions in the development of the Wheatstone bridge , originally invented by Samuel Hunter Christie , which is used to measure an unknown electrical resistance, and as a major figure in the development of telegraphy. Charles Wheatstone was born in Barnwood , Gloucestershire. His father, W. Wheatstone, was a music-seller in the town, who moved to Pall Mall, London, four years later, becoming a teacher of the flute.
Charles, the second son, went to a village school, near Gloucester, and afterwards to several institutions in London.
Concertina Connection Minstrel. The newest addition to the Concertina Connection line of anglo concertinas. key C/G with Wheatstone note layout, ebonized.
In the early s, my father bought a Wheatstone concertina in London. He tells how he visited the factory where it was made to pick one out and recalls the ledger book in which details about the concertinas were recorded. After a recent retelling of this family classic, I was inspired to see what might be online related to concertinas. I was amazed! With fourteen contributing authors , the site includes in depth articles on concertina history , technology , music , research and a wide range of concertina systems.
I particularly appreciate the reasons that Robert Gaskins, site creator, lists for the creation of the site on the about page :. The reason for this is not that the material is so valuable, but that in the past there was no way to make material of limited interest available to everyone, so it stayed safely in archives.
Directory: Dating Vintage Concertinas
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A copy of a complete dating list for Wheatstone Concertinas, compiled by Henry Minting. All numbers from 1 – are covered, with approximate dates of.
Charles Wheatstone. Wheatstone designed this instrument between and to play duets and accompany melodies. Just as with a regular English concertina, pressure and suction give the same note on two different reeds. Both hands nominally play the same twelve notes, but those played with the right hand sound an octave higher. Wheatstone was not only a physicist and manufacturer but also carried on a publishing business. Soon after he published an instruction book for the duet concertina and twelve books of arrangements of popular music to promote the introduction of this model.
Not on view. Public Domain. Title: Concertina. Maker: Charles Wheatstone —
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Serial number , made, signed and dated by Rock Chidley, a Wheatstone craftsman, on 2 Feb – gilt fittings and gilt embossed bellows (CMC Item C13).
There are lots that match your search criteria. Subscribe now to get instant access to the full price guide service. Vintage 9ct Rotary Junior dress watch, champagne dial, Arabic numerals, subsidiary second dial, 21mm, currently running , 9ct Garrard dress watch 19mm diameter currently running both on associated plated concertina straps 2. Vintage ‘Unicorn’ 9ct dress watch, sunburst dial, arabic numerals, 25mm, currently running 9ct concertina bacelet, Vintage 9ct dress watch, engraved gilt dial with silvered chapter ring, Arabic numerals, 26mm not currently running 9ct concertina bracelet, Vintage gents 9ct Garrard automatic dress watch, issued for 25 years service , champagne dial, date aperture, 35mm currently running , asociated concertina strap, box and tie clip.
Vintage gents 9ct Certina dress watch, champagne dial with baton markers, 34mm Dennison case currently running , associated concertina strap, box. A 15ct gold bracelet of expanding concertina linking: stamped ‘Baden’ and ’15’, approximately 15gms gross weight. Advertising: A rare “Clark ‘Anchor’ stranded cotton for embroidery” glass topped Haberdasher’s shop display cabinet of three concertina-action drawers.
Concertina English system, 48 buttons, maker’s plaque ‘C. Inventors London’ serial number , ebonised endplates, in manufacturers hard case; together with an autoharp. Concertina with plaque ‘C. London no. Wheatstone Concertina English System 48 button, with label C.